Dyspareunia is a common sexual health problem among women that's defined by pain during penetration. The pain from dyspareunia may be superficial or deep and can be caused by factors ranging from stress to allergic reactions. Emotion is actually one of the biggest causes of dyspareunia; a lack of confidence, negative feelings toward a sexual partner or ongoing relationship issues can result in painful, unpleasant intercourse. Although dyspareunia may be embarrassing to talk about, women who talk to their doctors about this problem can usually be treated with medication, therapy, exercises or, in severe cases, surgery. Sometimes the answer lies in both sexual partners working through issues together.

Dyspareunia is a common sexual health problem among women that's defined by pain during penetration…

The pain from dyspareunia may be superficial or deep and can be caused by factors ranging from stress to allergic reactions. Emotion is actually one of the biggest causes of dyspareunia; a lack of confidence, negative feelings toward a sexual partner or ongoing relationship issues can result in painful, unpleasant intercourse. Although dyspareunia may be embarrassing to talk about, women who talk to their doctors about this problem can usually be treated with medication, therapy, exercises or, in severe cases, surgery. Sometimes the answer lies in both sexual partners working through issues together.

The symptoms of dyspareunia are usually characterized as being near the surface of the vagina or deep within the vaginal canal. Many instances of surface-level vaginal pain occur when not enough fluids are secreted during periods of sexual arousal. In many cases, this can be solved by more sufficient foreplay. However, emotional issues and even other health issues can contribute to the lack of natural lubrication. Vaginal dryness can also be a sign of low estrogen levels, which can be a factor for women who are breastfeeding and women who've gone through menopause.

Dyspareunia that's described as deep pain can have more complex origins. Deep pain can be the result of pelvic inflammatory disease, endometriosis or abnormal growths in the pelvic region. Women who've had infections, cysts or surgeries in their pelvic areas may develop scar tissue that can lead to dyspareunia. Medical treatment ranging from surgically removing cysts to using antibiotics may be recommended for deep pain dyspareunia, or therapists may recommend different sexual positions that put less stress on certain parts of the vagina. Dyspareunia is a common female health problem that can often be overcome once diagnosed.